OQTFs: Obligation to Leave French Territory
OQTFs are given to people who the French government think are living in France illegally.
An OQTF can be given after an identity check by the French police or after a final asylum rejection (this does not include if you are appealing a negative decision).
An OQTF means you have to leave French territory within a certain time period.
Unaccompanied minors cannot be subject to an OQTF.
There are 3 types of OQTF:
OQTF without a voluntary departure, you have to leave France within 48 hours.
OQTF with a voluntary departure, you have to leave France within 30 days.
OQTF after a definitive refusal of asylum, you have to leave France within 30 days.
You can also be given an IRTF (a ban on returning to France) at the same time as an OQTF or because you have not left France in the time you were obliged to by the OQTF.
If you do not leave before these 48 hours or 30 day period you can be placed in detention or under house arrest.
For up to 1 year after you are given a OQTF you can be detained or put under house arrest.
IMPORTANT: You can contest an OQTF.
You must contest a OQFT within a certain time period, these time periods are:
OQTF without a voluntary departure, 48 hours to contest
OQTF with a voluntary departure, 30 days to contest
OQTF after a definitive refusal of asylum, 15 days to contest
IRTF, if the IRTF is given at the same time as a OQTF it has to be appealed within the same time period (48 hours or 30 days or 15 days) or if it is given separately to a OQTF you must appeal within 15 days
You should request legal advice within a maximum of 24 hours after receiving an OQTF or an IRTF.
Ask a trusted volunteer to refer you to Legal Shelter (Calais) or La Cimade (Dunkirk).